History of Patal Bhuvaneshwar Mythology it is a pilgrimage, 15kms from Berinag in the Kumaun region of Uttarakhand. The temple is very well known among the devotees and is considered a major Dham of Shiv after the Kedarnath and Jageshwar. Patal temple has various mythologies surrounding it. Some of which have made it into our article.
Patal Bhuvneshwar finds its mention in Skanda Purana. Veda Vyasa mentions the place in quite some detail. Patal in Hindu mythology refers to a place where celestial beings live, inside the Earth’s surface. Patala has existed in all the yugs namely Satya Yuga, via Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga into a Kali Yuga.
Consequently in the story, caves in Patal Bhuvneshwar founded by Rituparna, King of Ayodya. According to the legend when he went inside this cave, he found himself amidst the Nagas. Nagas(Snake People) in Hindu mythology have not a conception of being evil but suffering penance.
In addition to this, the story goes the king of these nagas, Adishesha showed him around and introduced him to the divine beings that came here to worship Shiva. It is said that these caves are divided into seven-level, but mortals(Humans) can only visit only one level of Patal Bhuvneshwar caves.
Seven Levels of Patal Bhuvaneshwar Cave:
|3||For Banar (Monkey)|
|4||For king of Banar Sena (Bali)|
|7||In mythical Savitri Cave. Even the elite devs cannot enter as it is the home of Maha Yoni.|
Furthermore the scripture says that all that exists in the universe is created by the Maha Yoni and it was here that the universe originated and the universe will dissolve. It is believed that Shiva used to live in these caves along with Bhuvneshwari (Parvati).
According to the prophecy, The Rituparna is said to be the only man who was able to see all the level of the cave. In the prophecy that these caves will remain hidden from mortal for thousands of year only to be discovered by a soldier. As it happens, it was a person enrolled in Army who brought these temples to light a few decades ago.
In conclusion to this, the Shivalingam in the cave has three heads representing Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. The drop of water keeps falling on these three stones as if performing natural abhisheka to the Trinity. Especially relevant, this place also finds a reference in the Mahabharata. It is believed that Pandavas before ascending to heaven, lived here for a day and meditated thinking of Shiva.