Haridwar is also pronounced as ‘Hardwar’. Both of the two words have their significant meaning, as ‘Hardwar’ is being stated by those who are the devotees of Lord Shiva as its integrates the two words ‘Har’ which depicts lord Shiva & ‘Dwar’ depicts the door to enter in the world of Shiva.
Similarly the word ‘Haridwar’ stated by those who are the devotees of Lord Vishnu, as ‘Hari’ represents the ‘Lord Vishnu’ and ‘Dwar’ represents the door to enter in the world of lord Vishnu. Haridwar is an ideal destination to start a pilgrim’s journey as it is a starting destination to start the journey for Char dham.
Haridwar is located at 253 kilometres away from the “River Ganges”i.e. River Ganga after flowing 253 km from its origin enters at the most pious place of India. Haridwar is the holy place of India which has its different significance for people of India. There are several folk tales associated with Haridwar one of which is related with ‘Devi Sati’. Haridwar is said as the home of ‘Devi Sati’.
Another folktale associated with Haridwar related with Indian mythology “Samundra Manthan” according to it Haridwar is one among the four places where the drops of amrit is accidently spilled over while carried by the bird “Garuda”.
Haridwar is the largest city of district. Apart from its religious importance the city is developing with development in industrial estate of SIDCUL (State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand), and the close township of BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limit).
Things to do at Haridwar
1. Ganga Arti:
In the evening, Haridwar is worth watching, there are enchanting of Sanskrit slogan in air; there is crowd of visitors who came to Haridwar especially for ganga arti. The Dias flowing freely in water. Everyday Ganga Arti is performed on 6.00 pm both evening as well as morning.
Bara bazaar, Moti bazaar, Upper Road, Ranipur Mor, Jwalapur Tourism; all these places are famous for shopping at Haridwar. From these places tourists generally buy the items of devotion and inexpensive ornaments. Garments are the other major attraction for tourists.
Another thing to perform at Haridwar is meditation. There are many ashrams famous at Haridwar which performs meditation. Many tourists go there to gather knowledge about the meditation, yoga etc. The famous ashram includes Sapta Rishi Ashram And Sapta Sarovar, Ramanand Ashram, Anandamayi Maa Ashram, Shantikunj, Patanjali Yogpeeth.
Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar is the popular bird century which is situated at the main river. It is popular among bid lovers.
Places to Visit at Haridwar
1. Har Ki Pauri:
It is considered to be most sacred ghat in Haridwar. The mythology related with it is it is constructed by King Vikramaditya in memories of his brother “Bharthari”. It was believed that Bharthari came to Haridwar and meditated on the banks of Ganges. After his death the king constructed the ghat which is famously known as Har Ki Pauri.
At the evening there are chants of Sanskrit slogan everywhere in the air. The evening time at har ki Pauri is famous for its Ganga Arti. At the evening in Haridwar as the air passes through the body it feels like the air is purifying the body and the mind is relaxing by listening the enchanting which is present in the air. The most sacred ghat within the Har Ki Pauri is “Brahmakund”.
2. Chandi Devi Temple:
The temple is devoted to Devi Chandi who sits at the top of “neel parvat”. It was believed that the goddess killed the demons Shumnha and Nishumbha here, the temple is 3 km trek from chandighat also from ropeway. It was also believed that the main statue is established by Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century A.D.
3. Mansa Devi Temple:
Mansa devi temple is situated at the top of Bilwa Parvat and is famous for fulfilling the desires among the tourists. This is also one of the popular destinations as it gives a photographic view of the entire city. The goddess has two idols, one with three mouth and five arms and the other with eight arms.
4. Maya Devi Temple:
It is believed that the Maya Devi Temple is considered one of the Siddhapithas and the navel and the heart of the goddess Sati is fallen here. It is one among the ancient temples of Haridwar.
This is the ancient temple of Daksha Mahadev. The story related to this place is of Lord Shiva and Goddess Sati; it was believed that the King Daksha Prajapati (father of Shiva’s first wife “Dakshayani”) performing a yagna, to which knowingly he did not invited Lord Shiva, after arriving uninvited he was further insulted by the king to which the Goddess Sati felt infuriated and jump into the yagna kund and the king was killed by the demon occurred from the Shiva’s anger. Later the king was brought to life and given a goat’s head. This temple is tribute to this legend.
6. Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar:
This bird century is situated at the main river. It is a popular destination among the tourists who are bird lovers.
7. Bhimgoda tank:
This tank is famous as it is believed that Bhim drew water from the rocks here. This tank is situated at 1km away from har ki Pauri.
8. Pawan Dham:
This is now the popular destination for tourists. Pawan Dham is a modern temple made up of glass pieces.
Demographics of Haridwar
- As of 2001 India’s census:
- Total population: 14, 47,187 now 18, 90,422 (2011)
- Male’s ratio: 54%
- Female ratio: 46%
- Literacy rate: 70%
Climate of Haridwar
- Summer Temperature: 410 C maximum & 160 C minimum
- Winter Temperature: 180C maximum and 40C minimum
Best Time to Visit Haridwar
The best time to visit Haridwar is from October to April.